In order for a spatial or geographic data to be captured, stored, manipulated, analyzed, managed and presented, a system is designed to do these functions and this is called geographic information system or GIS. The tools that allow users to develop interactive queries, do spatial information analysis, edit data in maps, and present the results of all of these, are done through GIS applications.
Know that around the world, there are green projects that are benefitting in the field of renewable energy because of the versatile and lots to offers of the GIS technology.
Wind maps is among the several great ways that GIS is helping these green projects. Through a wind map, the wind’s average speed of a place is shown and this will enable us to find the best area where to install a wind turbine farm. Also, researchers are helped in determining how tall the wind generator should be to get the best results, since the wind speeds can be shown at what it is like at various elevations. Costs can be cut down if the areas with the greatest wind energy potential are revealed.
The frequency of wind related dangers like tornadoes and hurricanes can be revealed with the aid of the wind maps. Engineers are then allowed to make a design of a more durable wind farms with construction that can handle these mentioned dangers or conditions. With GIS, information about the land can also be shown, if it is prone to flooding or far away from transmission lines, that would inhibit the building of the wind farm or consider it a feasible project.
With these two technologies of wind map and solar map, researchers can now calculate if the wind turbines or solar panels are beneficial.
Solar panels will find that it can get several benefits from what GIS features can offer. Note that in installing solar panels, you have to consider many factors like solar intensity, the amount of daily light received by the panels, the average temperature of the area, and the cloud coverage. With GIS, these parameters can be placed on a map, shown to investors to help determine the most productive position of the solar panels, and this can affect on how effective the solar panels are, whether there is an increase or reduction.
Through solar maps, how much the solar energy can be known as received on a per year basis. And so, there is a wealth of information that digital maps can provide and give benefits to our green projects, and can be concluded that GIS is a powerful support tool that can help contribute to our greener earth.