Practising law requires specialization where lawyers specialize in such matters and can practice the law either as attorneys, attorney at law, solicitor advocate, barrister, counsel, bar at law, barrister at law as well as counsellor but cannot practice as paralegal or executive secretary of the charter. When practicing law, the lawyer is require to be conversant with legal theories and knowledge which they apply in problem solving as well as advancing interests of their clients in legal services. Arguing in court of law orally on behalf of their clients, doing research and making drafts papers used in a court to argue a case, and counselling their clients and giving them legal advice on issues are some of the duties of lawyers. Other roles include protecting property that is intellectual such as trademarks, patent and designs, drafting contracts as well as drafting trusts, wills and other documents that ensure disposition of a property after a person’s death.
Specialization for lawyers is quite possible where one takes a single line of issues to cover on behalf of their clients such as divorce lawyers, civil lawyers, criminal lawyers. Criminal lawyers specializes in defending companies and individuals who have been charged with criminal activities in a court of law. There should be a direct communication between the clients and the criminal lawyer to advice the client according on the criminal case at hand which should be honest advice. It is common to have conflict of interest between the client and the lawyer when lawyers may be representing two opposing clients in a criminal case in a court of law which should be avoided at all times.
Criminal lawyers are required to maintain privacy and privilege with their clients regarding any communications that takes place between them and advise their clients accordingly. There are situations when the privilege accorded may be exempted such as the clients may use the advice offered to commit more crimes, doing body harm and injury to themselves as well as committing suicide. A criminal lawyer is also required to perform their duties with zeal to ensure that the defence they present in a court of law on behalf of their clients is viable. Since facts are viable in a defence in a court of law, the criminal lawyer should look for all sources of these facts that relate to the case such as reviewing the reports from the police, interviewing the witnesses, among others. It is also a requirement that criminal lawyers need to be honest when defending their clients in a court of law. A suitable and knowledgeable criminal defence lawyer is suitable for a person or company faced with criminal charges in a court of law. The lawyer will ensure that one’s rights and responsibilities have been followed to the letter.